Sunday, December 8, 2019

Controversy in the Pharmacy Industry Essay Sample free essay sample

The pharmaceutical industry is a extremely competitory concern and its success depends on the gross revenues and selling of each peculiar drug. But more late. there have been a rise in issues associating to the rapid growing of pharmaceutical usage. disbursement for drugs and related concerns about drug monetary values. among many other issues associating to dirt with inoculations. The pharmaceutical industry may hold their issues. but there has been a batch of good to come from this industry when it comes to one’s wellness. There are a batch of pros to the pharmaceutics industry. The most of import benefit of pharmaceutical drugs is the fact that it helps heighten one’s wellness. There have been great wellness results from utilizing the drugs. Harmonizing to the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics ( 2012 ) . the pharmaceutical industry has helped to develop and bring forth merchandises that help handle a assortment of diseases in which salvaging 1000000s of lives and assi sting people enduring from diseases and unwellnesss to retrieve and take more productive lives. We will write a custom essay sample on Controversy in the Pharmacy Industry Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In order to acquire these drugs to be sold to consumers so they can heighten their wellness. the pharmaceutical companies have to utilize proper gross revenues patterns. A gross revenues representative is the key when it comes to selling drugs to consumers. The primary duty of pharmaceutical gross revenues representatives is to utilize ethical publicity when it comes to the merchandising of a peculiar merchandise. Representatives have to guarantee that health care professionals are to the full cognizant of the benefits and side effects of each drug and give the professionals the accurate information to assist help them when it comes to ordering medicines to patients. Another term that can be used for this is corporate societal duty ; which is the thought that corporations can and should move ethically and be accountable to society for their actions. Another benefit of the pharmaceutical industry is the economic sciences involved. This benefit follows outcome-based moralss. The more net income is made within pharmaceutics companies. the more occupations that can be created and better paying places. every bit good. which betters the economic system as a whole. Scott Christ writes in his article. The Benefits of the Pharmaceutical Industry: â€Å"Pharmaceutical companies employed about 300. 000 people in the United States in 2008. harmonizing to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. and about 87 per centum of the companies in the pharmaceutical industry employed more than 100 workers in 2008. The revenue enhancement benefits to the United States are significant as good. Pfizer entirely posted $ 44 billion worth of gross in 2008. harmonizing to Contract Pharma. The economic clime impacts the pharmaceutical industry. but profitable companies result in more nonexempt gross for the U. S. People may knock this sum of net income from one company. but see this: The underlying end of every individual concern is to do money. Peoples individual out pharmaceutical companies for doing net incomes. but it’s of import to retrieve that they besides create merchandises that save 1000000s of lives. † ( 2012 ) It is true that the pharmaceutical industry has great benefits which can assist heighten a person’s wellness from disease and better the economic system by increasing net income and better paying places. However. there are rather some cons to this extremely competitory industry. One major issue that can hold a immense impact is pharmaceutical fraud. Fraud in pharmaceutics is defined as activities that can ensue in false claims to insurance companies and Federal Healthcare plans like Medicare and Medicaid. in order to have fiscal addition within the industry. Good Fabrication Practice ( GMP ) Violations. Off Label Marketing. Best Price Fraud. CME Fraud. Medicaid Price Reporting. and Manufactured Compound Drugs are merely some of the many strategies that are used to victimize the health care system. This has a immense impact on American revenue enhancement remunerators. bing us over $ 60 million of our revenue enhancement dollars. Nicholas Capaldi ( 2003 ) addresses another issue within the pharmaceutical industry. saying that it is caught up in a â€Å"perfect storm. † He besides mentions how there are a assorted of involvement groups that have conspired to show this industry as profiteers who â€Å"†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ ( a ) spend obscene amounts on marketing1 alternatively of research. ( B ) engage in differential pricing at place and abroad in an attempt to force out the American consumer. and ( degree Celsius ) deprive developing states of life-saving medicines† ( 2003 ) . Because of the high costs of medicines. as a consequence. this is coercing the pharmaceutical industry to do medicines more low-cost to consumers. Another issue sing the pharmaceutical industry is dirt. In 2009. there was a immense pandemic of the H1N1 virus. besides known as the â€Å"Swine Flu. † Harmonizing to the U. S. Centers for Disease Control ( 2009 ) . 3. 900 U. S. occupants have died from swine grippe ; five per centum of that being kids. The distribution for the H1N1 ( swine grippe ) vaccinum was one of the biggest dirts. Harmonizing to SocialistWorker. org ( 2009 ) . â€Å"President Obama promised in July that 160 million doses of swine grippe vaccinum would be available by the terminal of October. The Department of Health and Human Services revised that estimation to 40 million and so to 28 million–enough doses for merely 17. 6 per centum of the 159 million Americans considered to be at high hazard for swine grippe. † What made it worse was that Wall Street bankers made certain they jumped to the forepart of the line to acquire the vaccinum. It is non plenty that they take the public’s r evenue enhancement dollars. but now they are seeking to halt the populace from keeping their wellness. adding abuse to hurt. Hospitals. doctor’s offices. clinics and schools around the state waiting on scarce supplies of the swine grippe vaccinum. Wall Street giants Goldman Sachs and Citigroup ordered up more than 1. 000 doses between them for company physicians to administrate to their employees in New York City. All these bankers are disquieted about are themselves and net income. instead than the people. There were many deceases that most probably could hold been preventable if the federal authorities would hold kept their initial word. As you can see. the pharmaceutical industry can convey forth a batch of good. Proper publicity and success of certain drugs can increase gross which can let the growing of more occupation chances with better rewards. The industry can besides assist maintain and better a person’s wellness. But on the contrary. the pharmaceutical industry can convey forth a batch of dirt. fraud and hoggishness. merely disquieted about doing net income and nt lovingness suffic iency for consumers. Mentions * Capali. Nicholas. ( 2003 ) . Corporate Social Responsibility and Business Ethics in the Pharmaceutical Industry. Retrieved on September 9. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. bmpllp. com/files/CorporateSocialResponsibility. pdf. * Christ. Scott. ( 2012 ) . The Benefits of the Pharmaceutical Industry. eHow. com. Retrieved on September 9. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. ehow. com/list_6710523_benefits-pharmaceutical-industry. html # ixzz25zEYzmj7. * Lapon. Gary. ( September 16. 2009 ) . Wall Street Swine and the Vaccine Scandal. SocialistWorker. org. Retrieved on September 9. 2012 from hypertext transfer protocol: //socialistworker. org/2009/11/16/the-flu-vaccine-scandal.

Sunday, December 1, 2019

Unemployment Rates Essay Example For Students

Unemployment Rates Essay I. Abstract This paper investigates the relationship between the unemployment rates of College graduates and High School graduates. From this investigation, it appears that the relationship is moderately weak. II. Introduction Many people pursue a degree to escape the inevitability of unemployment. It is obvious that many people feel a college education is important, and more employment opportunities will arise if one has a degree. On the other hand, can someone be just as successful with only a High School degree? Is there an association between the Unemployment Rates Essay of College and High School graduates? This spring quarter I have become knowledgeable as to how to use the Storm software. Therefore, I am able to compare data obtained to determine if a certain relationship exists between the two variables. As a result of using this information, I was able to accurately state if there was any kind of relationship between the unemployment rates of College and High School graduates. III. Discussion of Variables It might be thought that the unemployment rates of College graduates and High School graduates are related in that when the unemployment rates of High School graduates increases, the unemployment rate of College graduates might be expected to decline or remain steady. We will write a custom essay on Unemployment Rates specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The reason for being is because it is assumed that having a college degree means greater job security. To test this theory, 40 data elements are acquired. Randomness is sought by selecting the data on the last day of the month for 40 consecutive months starting with January 2001, and ending with April 2004. This time period includes unemployment rates that are not seasonally adjusted. The data on the unemployment rates of both College and High School graduates was found in the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics. IV. Discussion of the Results The sample is described using a linear regression model. The result is expressed by the formula: High School (Y) = 2.14 + 1.04 College (X). The R-squared at 0.40 suggests that the relationship is moderately weak due to the fact that R-squared represents a stronger relationship the closer the number is to 1. A study of the residual graphs indicates that the relationship is poor due to curvilinearity for unemployment rates of College graduates and poor due to violation of both homoscedasticity and linearity assumption for the unemployment rates of High School graduates. This impacts on the results by saying that the graphs show that the model does not describe the data fully. V. Conclusion Taken as a whole, this model seems to need more refinement being that the R-squared is actually fairly moderate at 0. 40. This model might be of little use in predicting future movements of high school (Y) when college (X) moves. Particularly interesting is how the unemployment rates for both College and High School graduates have increased during the years, and that one if not influenced by the other significantly. VI. Appendix When trying to describe a universe such as the relationship between unemployment rates of high school graduates versus college graduates, one might take a random sample and expect that the sample adequately represents the universe. The sample in this study is the unemployment rates for 40 consecutive months of those with simply a High School diploma versus those who possess a College degree (Bachelors Degree or Higher). Next, measures are taken of the sample, and a model estimated. If the model is a good estimator of the sample, it is to be expected that the model is a good estimator of the universe. In this study, the model is not a good estimator of the sample, and therefore it is not expected to be a good estimator of the universe. The model used in this paper is the linear regression model, which attempts to model the relationship between two variables by fitting a linear equation to observed data. One variable is considered to be an explanatory variable, and the other is considered to be a dependent variable (Poole OFarrell 1). There are several research objectives for which the regression model may be used, but they may be classified into three groups: (I) the computation of point estimates, (II) the derivation of interval estimates, and (III) the testing of hypotheses (Poole OFarrell 2). .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 , .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 .postImageUrl , .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 , .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610:hover , .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610:visited , .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610:active { border:0!important; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610:active , .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610 .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u8b5e29ab35f6841b6b5ac426d27e6610:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Education Starts at Home Essay Care has to be taken to observe the assumptions of the model, which are: 1. The mean of the probability distribution of the random error is 0, E(e) = 0. that is, the average of the errors over an infinitely long series of experiments is 0 for each setting of the independent .

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

Exetel presentation Essay Example

Exetel presentation Essay Example Exetel presentation Essay Exetel presentation Essay Asked why the experience was bad, why the experience was good. SLIDE 7 Role-based and product based controls and models could also be constructed In the workplace environment, studies by Chin et al 2007 and discussing their effectiveness an accessible control model with a healthy system architecture and also approaches also helps to create a corporate culture that tends to produce employees that want to work and perform well not Just for themselves but for the company. It has the effect of humanism the workforce (Chit et al 2009, Chin 2008). SLIDE 8 Developing team-based work functions has also shown to be quite in increasing the quality of work produced. Tight budgeting seems to important in infancy stage of business, but should be loosened for the sake of positive corporate culture in later growth stages (Wakefield et al 2009) SLIDE 9 Employees need to feel empowered and feel as though they have access to management decisions and staff structure within the business leads to sense of self-worth, value and importance. This in turn increases respect for the workplace and the output of work being produced (Vela et al 2007, IL 2007, Whiner et al 2007). Regular workflow and quick, impromptu meetings also contribute to this positive workplace environment, building mutual trust between management and employees (Abatement 2010, Kirsch 2004) SLIDE 10 In the mid-sass Walter tried with a large financial investment to get a foothold in the German retail market. In 1997 Walter took over the supermarket chain Wreckage with its 21 stores . Walters corporate culture was not viewed positively among employees and customers in Germany, particularly Walters statement of ethics, which restricted relationships between employees and led to a public discussion in he media, resulting in a bad reputation for Walter among customers. This, along with other strategic factors, resulted in their withdrawal from German in July 2006 due to sustained losses (Lacer et al 2013). Indri Onion CEO and Chairman of Pepsi Co ?+ stresses the importance of a humanists workforce, -> she knows people by name, for example. She also encourages active contribution to the company from Employees, strong team-based environments. She also acknowledged that work comes second to family, leading by example to show that the workforce does not have to be an unreasonable environment which treats its employees as mere robotic numbers with no other function other than being a means to an end (COMIC 2012). SLIDE 11 Make some recommendations where appropriate SLIDE 12 GURUS Version 1. Is needed a) Focusing on What is being done correctly rather than What is being done incorrectly e do NOT publicly display and humiliate the under performing staff, instead highlight the high-achievers in the business and publicly acknowledge them. Privately, rewar d them both with meaningful sentiment (IEEE weekends away on the (IEEE Talismans options scheme with its employees, which unites employees and management in a single goal -> to grow the companys profits and presence in the marketplace, which directly leads to everyones benefit) As businesses are encouraged to develop mutually beneficial, positive and rewarding relationships with consumers, they also need to develop similar relationships with their employees. Humanism your employees, management needs to treat them as they themselves wish to be treated. Develop mutual respect. The balance between finding quantity and quality will more naturally be arrived at when employees see the management as a positive force; theyll want to try their aridest to do the best for management, as management tries its hardest to do the best for its employees. Teams should be formed, with employee empowerment enabled so that the frontline of the business can effectively inform management of what the current customers expectations, wants and needs are. Management and employees need frequent and constant communication possibly use an automated intranet system that inter-connects departments and details workflow for employees for management to clearly see. Physical weekly workflow meetings with continuity should also be established (e Lawyer Partners)

Friday, November 22, 2019

On the Use of Nemesis

On the Use of Nemesis On the Use of Nemesis On the Use of Nemesis By Maeve Maddox Chris Mentzer asks: What is the difference between enemy and nemesis?   What is the purpose of using the word Arch before each? Nemesis is a stronger word than enemy. Enemy is an unfriendly or hostile person. Nemesis is an avenging force. In classical mythology Nemesis was the goddess of retribution. She punished both hubris (false pride) and wrongdoing. The goddess represents the idea that one cannot escape divine retribution. Lowercase nemesis came into the language in 1597 with the meaning â€Å"retributive justice.† One of my favorite Agatha Christie mysteries has the title Nemesis. In it Miss Marple is portrayed as Nemesis, tracking down a murderer many years after the crime was committed. Conan Doyle called Professor Moriarty â€Å"the nemesis of Sherlock Holmes.† If it hadn’t been for the insistence of outraged readers, â€Å"The Final Problem† would have been the final Holmes story. It ends with Holmes and Moriarty plunging to their (presumed) deaths from the top of the Reichenbach Falls. Each was the other’s nemesis. The prefix arch- is from Greek arkhos, â€Å"chief.† It is added to many words to indicate primacy. In the word archangel the prefix is pronounced [ark]. In other words the pronunciation is [arch]. archangel [rkÄ njÉ™l] archdiocese [rch-dÄ «Ã‰â„¢-sÄ ­s] archenemy [rch-Ä•nÉ™-mÄ“] archdeacon [rch-dÄ“kÉ™n] archduke [rch-dÃ… «k, -dyÃ… «k] To place the prefix arch- in front of enemy is to strengthen the word. An archenemy is the most significant among several enemies. Placing the prefix arch- in front of nemesis is to weaken what is a powerful word in no need of intensification. Both Nemesis and nemesis carry the connotation of implacability. One can defeat one’s enemies. Rarely can one escape one’s nemesis. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Misused Words category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:30 Synonyms for â€Å"Meeting†"Confused With" and "Confused About""To Tide You Over"

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Differences in economic and political culture between Western Europe Research Paper

Differences in economic and political culture between Western Europe and the United States - Research Paper Example This paper is one of the best examples of thorough analysis of the underlying reasons, that stipulated the differences in economic and political cultures of Western Europe and United States. Western Europe and United States have different economic and political cultures. Although there have been cases where some cultures have adopted across Western Europe and America, there still remain major rifts between the two sides of the Pacific Ocean. Issues of globalization and historical incidents such as the two World Wars and the Cold War have been l responsible for the different economic and political cultures between the US and countries of Western Europe. The histories of the United States and Western Europe shaped the political and economic cultures in the two regions. The greatest period was the enlightenment, where several philosophers came up with ideologues that influenced the developments in the two regions. While Western Europe adopted socialist ideologies, the United States adopted capitalism. Western Europe is associated with welfare states. The welfare state concept is where the state plays a major role in the promotion and protection of socioeconomic well-being of the citizens. The welfare programs are intended to support various services Capitalism is a political and social ideology that favours private ownership and control of resources over state control. Capitalism is often associated with free market and individualism. The United States in considered to the epitome of capitalism in the world.

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

The Strategies and Appropriate Solution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4750 words

The Strategies and Appropriate Solution - Essay Example He also decided to include a major restructuring in the firm’s administration and its operational activities. Under these conditions, the appointment of David Michels, in 1991, as a chief executive should be considered as justified. The experience of David Michels in the particular industry (ex-Executive Vice President of Hilton International, Deputy Chief Executive of Hilton U.K.) made him the most appropriate candidate for the particular position. One of the priorities of David Michel has been to examine and evaluate the performance of the company for the last three years (1990-1992). The results of this research were disappointed showing a loss (after tax) of 47.4m pounds for the year 1992 and a relevant loss per share of 47.3m pounds for the same year. For this reason, David Mitchel stated that â€Å"It was worse than I thought. I didn’t know the company had quite as many difficulties as it had. I don’t think the company knew all its difficulties†. The above statement of David Mitchel could lead to the following thoughts: a) David Michel was not appropriately informed in advance of the firm’s financial difficulties. In this case, Sir Robertson could be considered as having the responsibility for the inadequacy and inaccuracy of the information provided; b) David Mitchel would not be able to respond to the firm’s needs. More specifically, his statements could be considered as showing his inability to resolve the problems that the firm had the specific period of time. Again the choice of Sir Robertson could be strongly doubted. On the other hand, the possible responsibility of David Mitchel could exist to the extension that he did not provide accurate information regarding his skills and his competencies in the particular field. As for the strategies followed by Reo Stakis and his son, these should be evaluated throughout the firm’s operation since its establishment in 1947 in Glasgow. The strategic leadership followed by Sir Lewis and David Michels led gradually to the recovery of the firm. It should be noticed that in January 1993 shares in Stakes reached the price of 45 pence (a 4 pence increase comparing the price of the share in 1992). Although Sir Lewis was replaced in late 1992, his style of leadership proved to be extremely positive for the firm’s performance in the long term (in 1994 the pre-tax profits were increased to 10.4 million). It is due to his decisions that the firm managed to recover and becoming in January 1994 â€Å"a normal company, boring even† according to a statement of David Michels.   

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Bob Knowlton Case Study Essay Example for Free

Bob Knowlton Case Study Essay Attribution process in chapter 4 is referred to as the ways in which people come to understand the causes of their own or others’ behavior. Knowlton felt that Fester was brought in to take his position as project head. With all the questions and research analysis that Fester completed on his own, Knowlton felt betrayed since his friend and mentor Jerrod never took the time to explain to him what was happening. When Knowlton did approach Jerrod to question why Fester was there, Jerrod replied, â€Å"We’re taking him on [. ]†Jerrod also replied that, â€Å"I don’t know yet where he will finally land †¦I thought he might spend a little time with you by way of getting started. † I believe that Knowlton should have gone back to talked to Jerrod again. Knowlton should have got his point across about the way that he and his team was feeling about Fester questions the work that he and his team had completed over the last six months and how calling his home at 2 o’clock explaining how Link’s patterning problem could be solved among other things. Jerrod could have then explained that Fester was brought in to be the project head for another department. In 1996, my husband and I were transferred to Korea for one year by the Army and our two kids that were 15 months old and 3 ? months old stayed with my mother-in-law. Once we returned a year later, our kids had grown so much. However much importantly to me, my kids were calling my mother-in-law mommy and I had not prepared myself for that. In the beginning, I was very hurt as well as confused as to why my kids was calling their grandmother â€Å" mommy†, but I came to the realization that they were at that stage in life where they were just starting to talk and mommy and daddy were their first words. After about a week, I asked my mother-in-law if she wanted the kids to call her grandma or nana so they would get use to calling my husband and I mommy and daddy. Finding of Facts 2: Self-Esteem The letter that Knowlton wrote explained that he would be glad to come back later (he would only be 40 miles away) to assist if there was any problems with the past work. Recommendation/Justification Self-Esteem is defined as the extent to which an individual believes that he or she is a worthwhile and deserving individual. In Knowlton’s situation he felt that he deserved the promotion to project head because he had the knowledge, skills and ability to perform the job. However, when Fester came and started challenging the result that he and his team had determined, he lost his self-esteem as well as his self-confidence and felt as if he was worthless to Mr. Jerrod and most importantly to his team and that allowed him to make a hasty decision to leave the organization. I recommend that Knowlton fight for his position, his team and most importantly his self-esteem. I recommend that Knowlton think about the achievements and contributions that he has made to the team as well as the organization. Once Knowlton builds his self-esteem back up, I recommend that he talks with his supervisor Mr. Jerrod and express his true feeling regarding how Fester approach toward his team is being very disruptive. In the military, we are usually transferred to different duty stations every three to five years. This one particular time, I was transferred to Ft Bragg, NC and they were not aware that I was coming to be assigned to the unit. Since they were not aware that I was coming, they did not have a place for me to work so I was consider a â€Å"floater† going from section to section to help out where ever needed until they found a permanent slot for me. The first section that I worked in was the processing section. The section was running smoothly, and I was there for observation purposes only. However, the leader that I am, I could not stand by and allow the soldiers to continue to work long hours without giving suggestions that would allow them to work smarter. I saw the hesitation that they were giving so I called a meeting and explained my purpose of being in the section and also let the soldiers know that I was just there to assist. Once they realized that I was not there to take anyone’s job, and that I was there to help the section run more efficiently, the soldiers began to gravitate toward me for more suggests. After about a week, the soldiers saw the results of my suggestions and incorporated those suggestions into their daily routines in the office. The soldiers also requested that I be assigned to their section permanently without my knowledge and when it was brought to my attention I was very impressed and decided to stay in that section. Findings of Facts: Team Empowerment Bob always prided himself on the fact that the work of the lab was guided and evaluated by the group as a whole and he was fond of repeating that it was not a waste of time to include secretaries in such meetings. Recommendations/Justification: Team empowerment refers to the degree to which its members perceive the group as (1) being competent and able to accomplish work-related tasks (potency), (2) performing important and valuable tasks (meaningfulness), (3) having choice (autonomy) in how they carry out their task, and (4) experiencing a sense of importance and significance (impact) in the work performed and goals achieved. Bob was proud of the members of his team. No one thought that they were smarter than anyone else on the team; they respected each other and valued each other’s opinion. However, from the very first day that Fester arrived, he made it clear that he was not a team player. He thought that everyone should work individually on their portion of the project, come together to complete the project and that be it. Bob also stated that he valued everyone’s opinion including the secretaries. Every member of the team know that if they did not pull their weight on their particular part of the project they could depend on their team mates for assistance and again Fester was not a fan of that. I believe that Bob should have stepped in and expressed his feelings as to how he and his team worked together on everything. He should have expressed how he valued everyone’s opinion and that he was not going to let him or ever Jerrold tear them apart. If Fester still had concerns he should have taken that up with Jerrold however, it should have been a dead issue to Jerrold since Fester was not going to be in charge of the department that Bob was currently heading. At my last unit, I was the section chief for the Personnel Section. I had just completed my training about three weeks prior when another sergeant came to the section that out ranked me. When the other sergeant came, after one week of watching how my section and I conducted business she wanted to make changes. One day she just came in the office and started making changes without consulting me or our commander. When I arrived to the office and saw the changes that she had made, I asked to speak with her separately, and I respectfully told her that I didn’t appreciate her coming in and changing my section around. She began to say that the changes that she was making was how she had her section set up at her last unit and the section ran smooth once all the changes were complete. Since she outranked me, I had to tell her again, respectfully that this was not her section, and the commander had not approved any of her changes nor did he have any knowledge of any of her changes. We then went and talked with the commander and he had agreed with me that first he would make the final decision if she was going to be in charge of the section or if I was going to continue to run the section. Also, if he was going to put her in charge of the section any changes that she wanted to make still had to be approved by him first. So needless to say, she was not happy with me, however, about a month or so later we had a talk. She stated that she admired me for standing up for myself as well as my section. She then went on to apologize for trying to use her rank to intimidate me. After our discussion, we were able to work together in the section as equals.